This is the Jonathan Riddell™ IP Policy. It applies to all Jonathan’s intellectual property in Ubuntu archives. Jonathan is one of the top 5 uploaders, usually the top 1 uploader, to Ubuntu compiling hundreds of packages in the Ubuntu archive. Further Jonathan reviews new and updated packages in the archive. Further Jonathan selects compiler defaults and settings for KDE and Qt and other packages in the Ubuntu archive. Further Jonathan builds and runs tests for Ubuntu packages in the archives. Further Jonathan Riddell™ is a trademark of Jonathan Riddell™in Scotland, Catalunya and other countries; a trademark which is included in all packages edited by Jonathan Riddell™. Further Jonathan is the author of numberous works in the Ubuntu archive. Further Jonathan is the main contributor to the selection of software in Kubuntu. Therefore Jonathan has IP in the Ubuntu archive possibly including but not limited to copyright, patents, trademarks, sales marks, geographical indicators, database rights, compilation copyright, designs, personality rights and plant breeders rights. To deal with, distribute, modify, look at or smell Jonathan’s IP you must comply with this policy.
Policy: give Jonathan a hug before using his IP.
If you want a licence for Jonathan’s IP besides this one you must contact Jonathan first and agree one in writing.
Nothing in this policy shall be taken to override or conflict with free software licences already put on relevant works.
“Ubuntu is entirely committed to the principles of free software development; we encourage people to use free and open source software, improve it and pass it on.” is what used to be printed on the front page of ubuntu.com. This is still true but recently has come under attack when the project’s main sponsor, Canonical, put up an IP policy which broke the GPL and free software licences generally by claiming packages need to be recompiled. Rather than apologising for this in the modern sense of the word by saying sorry, various staff members have apologised in an older sense of the word meaning to excuse. But everything in Ubuntu is free to share, copy and modify (or just free to share and copy in the case of restricted/multiverse). The archive admins wills only let in packages which comply to this and anyone saying otherwise is incorrect.
In this twitter post Michael Hall says “If a derivative distro uses PPAs it needs an additional license.” But he doesn’t say what there is that needs an additional licence, the packages already have copyright licences all, of them free software.
It should be very obvious that Canonical doesn’t control the world and a licence is only needed if there is some law that allows them to restrict what others want to do. There’s been a few claims on what that law might be but nothing that makes sense when you look at it. It’s worth examining their claims because people will fall for them and that will destroy Ubuntu as a community project. Community projects depend on everyone having the freedom to do whatever they want with the code else nobody will give their time to a project that someone else will then control.
In this blog post Dustin Kirkland again doesn’t say what needs a licence but says one is needed based on Geographical Indication. It’s hard to say if he’s being serious. A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin and are then assessed before being registered. There is no Geographical Indication registration in Ubuntu and it’s completely irrelevant to everything. So lets move on.
A more dangerous claim you can see on this reddit post where Michael Hall claims “for permissively licensed code where you did not build the binary, there is no pre-existing right to redistribution of that binary”. This is incorrect, everything in Ubuntu has a free software licence with an explicit right to redistribution. (Or a few bits are public domain where no licence is needed at all.) Let’s take the libX11 as a random example, it gets shipped with a copyright file containing this licence:
“Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the “Software”), to deal in the Software without restriction”
so we do have permission. Shame on those who say otherwise. This applies to the source of course and so it applied to any derived work such as the binaries, which is why it’s shipped with the binaries. It even says you can’t remove remove the licence:
“The above copyright notice and this permission notice (including the next paragraph) shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.”
So it’s free software and the licence requires it to remain free software. It’s not copyleft, so if you combine it with another work which is not free software then the result is proprietary, but we don’t do that in Ubuntu. The copyright owner could put extra restrictions on but nobody else can because it’s a free world and you can’t make me do stuff just because you say so, you have to have some legal way to restrict me first.
One of the items allowed by this X11 licence is the ability to “sublicense” which is just putting another licence on it, but you can’t remove the original licence as it says in the part of the licence I quoted above. Once I have a copy of the work I can copy it all I want under the X11 licence and ignore your sublicence.
This is even true of works under the public domain or a WTFPL style licence, once I’ve got a copy of the work it’s still public domain so I can still copy, share and modify it freely. You can’t claim it’s your copyright because, well, it’s not.
In Matthew Garrett’s recent blog post he reports that “Canonical assert that the act of compilation creates copyright over the binaries”. Fortunately this is untrue and can be ignored. Copyright requires some creative input, it’s not enough to run a work through a computer program. In the very unlikely case a court did decide that compiling a programme added some copyright then they would not decide that copyright was owned by the owners of the computer it ran on but on the copyright owners of the compiler, which is the Free Software Foundation and the copyright would be GPL.
In conclusion there is nothing which restricts people making derivatives of Ubuntu except the trademark, and removing branding is easy. (Even that is unnecessary unless you’re trading which most derivatives don’t, but it’s a sign of good faith to remove it anyway.)
Which is why Mark Shuttleworth says“you are fully entitled and encouraged to redistribute .debs and .iso’s”. Lovely.
KDE has been trying for years to get Plasma working on different form factors with mixed success, so when I first started on this I was pretty intimidated. But we looked around for how to build this and it turns out there is software for it just lying around on the internet ready to be put together. Incredible.
It got very stressful when we couldn’t get anything showing on the screen for a few weeks but the incredible Martin G got Wayland working with it in KWin, so now KDE has not just the first open mobile project but also one of the first systems running with Wayland.
And with Shashlik in the pipeline we are due to be able to run Android applications on it too giving us one of the largest application ecosystems out there.
The question is will there be traction from the community? You can join us in the normal Plasma ways, #plasma on Freenode and plasma-devel mailing list and #kubuntu-devel to chat about making images for other devices. I’m very excited to see what will happen in the next year.
Voy a ir Akademy-ES el jueves para dar una charla se llama “Plugfest Conferencia Protocolos”. Es un revisión de esta conferencia an Marzo y un corto versión de mi charla se llama “interoperabilidad del escritorio Linux”.
Today Canonical published an update to their IP Policy by adding in a “trump clause” paragraph saying that “where any other licence grants rights, this policy does not modify or reduce those rights under those licences”.
I’ve been going on about this IP Policy (which is Canonical’s but confusingly appears on the Ubuntu website) and how it was incompatible with the Ubuntu policy for years. I’ve been given a lot of grief for querying it having been called a fucking idiot, aggressive, swearer of oaths and disingenuous, dishonest, untrustworthy and unappreciative. It really shows Ubuntu at its worst, and is really amazing that such insults should come from the body which should be there to prevent them. And I’ve heard from numerous other people who have left the project over the years because of similar treatment. So it’s nice to see both the FSF and the SFC put out statements today saying there were indeed problems, but sad to see they say there still are.
“Canonical, Ltd.’s original policy required that redistributors needed to recompile the source code to create [their] own binaries” says SFC, and “the FSF, after receiving numerous complaints from the free software community, brought serious problems with the policy to Canonical’s attention“. Adding the trump clause makes any danger of outright violation go away.
But as they both say there’s still dangers of it being non free by restricting non-GPL code and using patents and trademarks. The good news is that doesn’t happen, the Ubuntu policy forbids it and there’s a team of crack archive admins to make sure everything in the archive can be freely shared, copied and modified. But the worry still exists for people who trust corporate sayings over community policy. It’s why the SFC still says “Therefore, Conservancy encourages Canonical, Ltd. to make the many changes and improvements to their policy recommended during the FSF-led negotiations with them” and the FSF say “we hope they will further revise the policy so that users, to the greatest extent possible, know their rights in advance rather than having to inquire about them or negotiate them“. Well we can but hope but if it took two years and a lot of insults to get a simple clarifying paragraph added and stuff like this happen “After a few months working on this matter, Conservancy discovered that the FSF was also working on the issue” (did nobody think to tell them?), I don’t see much progress happening in future.
Meanwhile the Ubuntu Developer Membership Board wonders why nobody wants to become a developer any more and refuses to put two and two together. I hope Ubuntu can re-find it’s community focus again, but from today’s announcement all I can take from it is that the issues I spoke about were real concerns, even if no more than that, and they haven’t gone away.
Recent comments by a CC member that our ability to modify, improve and share it might be restricted by compilation copyright are a dangerous threat to our community. It’s the sort of thing the Community Council should be there do take a stand against, but alas no.
Compilation copyright is an idea exclusive to the US (or North America anyway). It restricts collections of items which otherwise have unrelated copyright restrictions. A classic example is a book collection of poetry where the poems are all out of copyright but the selection and ordering of poems is new and has copyright owned by whoever did it.
It’s completely irrelevant outside the US where most of the world is located but we like to look after everyone so what’s the situation for people in the US?
Kubuntu images are made from lists of packages in seed files which get made into meta packages. You could indeed argue that this meta package is subject to compilation copyright, I couldn’t find any case law on it so I suspect it’s entirely undefined. The good news is the meta package has always been GPL 2 licenced so voila, no copyright restrictions beyond the norms of free software.
The seed respoitory has curiously lacked a licence until I added the GPL the other day. It has a number of copyright holders primarily me (from before and after I worked for Canonical) and Canonical (from when I did). Anything on Launchpad has to be free software so we could say the same applies here but more reliably the seed isn’t what’s distributed on the images, the meta package is.
And of course it’s easy to replicate, the list of packages is just those that come from KDE for the most part so you can argue any compilation copyright is KDE’s, which in the case of Plasma is me again as release dude. And I pick GPL.
And in case anyone is getting confused, this has nothing to do with GCC style compilers, running some code through a compiler makes no difference whatsoever to what copyrights apply to it and nobody has ever seriously said anything different unless they’re trying to muddy the waters. I recently had Mark Shuttleworth say that of course you could copy individual binaries from Ubuntu.
But but… you’re not a lawyer
It’s too complex for you…you’re too small and too wee and you need those weapons of mass destruction to prevent terrorism… was the self-deprecating argument the unionist politicians came up with for voting no to Scottish independence. It worked too, for now, amazing.
Similarly I’m amazed at how otherwise very intelligent free software geeks look down on their ability to understand copyright and other laws. If we took this attitude to coding I’d never have started contributing to KDE and I’d never learn what real coding is like. If you want to know about an area of law it’s the same as coding, you read some textbooks, read some acts of parliament, read some EU directives, read some case law and come up with a decision. It’s exactly what judges do when they make a decision, no different.
Based on the above I have maintained the KDE licence policy and reviewed thousands of packages into the Ubuntu archives. So I feel equally competent to make the obvious declaration that compilation copyright has no relevant to Kubuntu because we freely licence the meta package. Remember geeks you are strong and free, don’t let anyone talk you down with unspecified scaremongering like “things get even more complicated” if they can’t say what makes it complicated then you can safely ignore it.
I’d like to thank all the Kubuntu members who just voted to re-affirm me on the Kubuntu Council.
Scott Kitterman’s blog post has a juicy details of the unprecedented and astonishing move by the Ubuntu Community Council asking me to step down as Kubuntu leader. I’ve never claimed to be a leader and never used or been given any such title so it’s a strange request without foundation and without following the normal channels documented of consultation or Code of Conduct reference.
I hope and expect Kubuntu will continue and plan to keep working on the 15.10 release along with the rest of the community who I love dearly.
Last week I had the pleasure of speaking at Protocols Plugfest Europe 2015. It was really good to get out of the bubble of free software desktops where the community love makes it tempting to think we’re the most important thing in the world and experience the wider industry where of course we are only a small player.
This conferences, and its namesakes in the US, are sponsored by Microsoft among others and there’s obviously a decent amount of money in it, the venue is a professional conference venue and there’s a team of people making sure small but important details are taken care of like printed signposts to the venue.
What’s it all About?
In 2008 Microsoft lost an EU antitrust case because they had abused their monopoly position in operating systems. This required them to document their file formats such as MS Office and protocols such as SMB. This conference is part of that EU requirement meaning they have to work with anyone who wants to use their formats and protocols. They have a website where you can file a request for information on any of their documents and protocols and everyone said they were very responsive in assigning engineers getting answers.
Since 2008 Microsoft have lost a lot of ground in new areas in the industry such as mobile and cloud. Because they’re not the dominant player here they realise they have to use formats and protocols others can use too otherwise they lock themselves out.
I spoke about Interoperability on the Linux Desktop which seemed well received, the reason Linux desktop hasn’t taken off is there are many other systems we need to interoperate with and many of them don’t want to interoperate with us. (Of course there are financial reasons too.) It was well received with many people thanking me for a good talk.
I went to talks by people working on Samba, LibreOffice and Kolab which all gave pleasing insight into how these project work and what they have to do to workaround complex proprietary protocols and formats. LibreOffice explained how they work with OpenDocument, they add feature and for any feature added they submit a request for it to be added to the standard. It’s a realistic best practice alternative.
I went to a bunch of Microsoft talks too about changes in their file formats, protocols and use of their cloud service Azure.
It was great meeting some people from the free software and MS worlds at the conference. I spoke to Christopher about how he had been hired to document SMB for MS, to Dan about taking over the world, to Miklos about LibreOffice and many others. On the MS side I spoke to Tom about file formats, Darryl about working with Linux, to Jingyu about developing in MS.
I hope I won’t offend anyone to say that there’s a notable culture difference between the open source and the MS sides. Open Source people really do dress scruffy and act socially awkward. MS people reminded me of the bosses in Walter Mitty, strong handshakes, strong smiles and neat dress.
One part of the culture that depressingly wasn’t difference was the gender ratio, there was only half a dozen women there and half of those were organising staff.
The Microsoft people seemed pretty pleased at how they were open and documented their protocols and formats, but it never occurred to them to use existing standards. When I asked why they invented OOXML instread of using OpenDocument I was told it was “MS Office’s standard”. When I asked if Skype protocols were open they seemed not to know. It probably doesn’t come under the EU court requirements so it doesn’t interest them, but then all their talk of openness is for nothing. When I suggested Skype should talk XMPP so we can use it with Telepathy I was given largely blank faces in return.
Talking to Samba people and OpenChange people about my opinion that their products should be stop gaps until a better open protocol can be used was met with the reasonable argument that in many cases there are no better open protocols. Which is a shame.
I went into the MS testing lab to test some basic file sharing with Samba and reminded myself about the problems in Kubuntu and discovered some problems in Windows. They had to turn off firewalls and twiddle permissions just to be able to share files, which was something I always thought Windows was very good at. Even then it only worked with IP address and not browsing. They had no idea why but the Samba dudes knew straight away that name browsing had been disabled a while ago and a DNS server was needed for that. Interesting the MS interoperability staff aren’t great at their own protocols.
I had a great time in Zaragoza, only spoiled by travellers flu on the last day meaning I couldn’t go to the closing drinks. It’s on the site of a 2008 world fair expo which feels like one of those legacy projects that get left to rot, 2008 wasn’t a great year to be trying to initiate legacy I think. But the tapas was special and the vermut sweet. The conference timetable was genius, first day starts at 9:00 next at 10:00 and final at 11:00. The Zentyal staff who organised it was very friendly and they are doing incredible stuff reimplementing exchange. It’s lovely to see MS want to talk to all of us but they’ve a way to go yet before they learn that interoperability should be about an even playing field not only on their terms.
Last weekend I played my first match of polo in Spain. We won a game, and draw a couple more which got us into the second round where we lost wonderfully. I really enjoyed it. It was run a little differently from the matches in Scotland, the obvious difference being it was outside in the sun which I fear would be difficult to recreate in Scotland. Here’s a list of other differences I noticed incase any are useful:
They are super strict on the rules. We missed the first match last month because a player dropped out and we could not add a substitute because she wasn’t on the list. The addition would need to be approved by the other teams on the day and it was too much hassle to go to with a risk that we wouldn’t be able to play.
They have a nice big timer board which lets you see the current score and current time.
All the teams need to wear identical coloured uniforms and captains must be clearly identified with an arm band.
They play the 60 second possession rule, for which there is another big timer display and person on duty to check. If your team has possession for 40 seconds a bell sounds (which I found confusing and so did other people occationally), and 20 seconds later the refs sound their whistle to give the other team the ball.
The refereeing is done by 1 team and takes 6 people, 2 on the table, two refing on each side and 2 as linesmen sitting at the ends with flags to signal for clean start, goals and off balls.
After each match the team captain is given a sheet with goals and penalties and signs off as an accurate record (or puts in a protest).
The goals a hung from a line across the pool but with an additional tail from the goal to the end of the pool behind it which stops a lot of the swaying
Parking cones on the side mark the half way and 6 metre lines
The weekend is done as a weekend tournament rather than a series of league days with 3 rounds including a final winner. It means 1 poor team goes home after the first day which is pretty unsatisfying (and this is Spain wide which is geographically and politically similar to having UK wide matches which is a heck of a long drive in most cases, this is because the crisis has ment there’s only enough teams for 2 leagues).
People like to moan about the SCA being bad at communication but as long as you find the Facebook page the polo stuff is pretty well communicated. With the Real Federación Española de Piragüismo there’s no information anywhere online and no groups to discuss anything in.
Loudspeakers are up so announcements can be made
A printer seems to be somewhere around so current scores are printed off a couple times a day
There are 4 weekends in the year and they are all at different locations. The organisation is done by a club rather than the federation committee, this is because there are enough clubs with the complete facilities available. Clubs get a bit grumpy at having to give the proceeds to the federation.
Ubuntu Online Summit is starting today and Kubuntu have shuffled about their timezones in an attempt to fit in. Tomorrow we have two sessions, at 18:00UTC we have the Plasma 5 demo showing the lovely new desktop we are using. An hour later at 19:00UTC we have Kubuntu Kickoff to discuss the To Do items for the next cycle. You can join in on the IRC channel and at some point we’ll work out how to invite people to the Google hangout.
Every community needs a way to discuss itself but until recently the Ubuntu community has lacked one, especially after the end of Ubuntu Developer Summit meetings. The ubuntu-community-team list was set up to provide that and I encourage all Ubuntu members to join it. Currently there’s a heated discussion about an incompatibility in Canonical’s IP policy with the Ubuntu promise, you don’t want to miss it.
My postal vote has been sent off for the UK general election which is on Thursday.
What’s going on?
The UK parliament and the government it forms is up for election.
What happened to independence?
In the last week of the referendum on Scottish independence last year the UK government threw everything it could think of. Scare stories were all around about how it would destroy the economy, the English would keep our shared currency, the banks would move out of Scotland and the supermarkets would raise prices. A back bench opposition MP called Gordon Brown gave a Vow about giving more powers to Scotland.
The day after the no vote the prime minister instead of doing as he promised to work with Scotland instead promised to withdraw Scottish MPs voting rights at Westminster on English only matters. Fair enough you might think but the Scottish budget is defined by these English matters so there are no English only laws. The promised new powers for Scotland were consulted on and nothing very interesting or useful was promised in the end.
So there’s a feeling of annoyance at the lack of respect for Scots. With the population suddenly very interested in politics (85% turnout compared to 65% for a UK election) people have noticed. The membership of the nationalist parties has quadrupled and the current UK election has many people wondering what’s in it for Scotland.
What’s in it for Scotland?
There are 3 major London based parties and they are showing none of the optimism shown by the Yes side in the referendum campaign. Almost exclusively they talk down Scotland continuing to say it’s too small and too poor to manage its own affairs. So the opinion polls have shown people prefer an optimistic message as the SNP gives and they have been forecast to go from 6 seats in Scotland to every single of the 59 seats.
With England equally split between the Tory and Labour parties it seems likely the deciding vote for approval of government business will be from the SNP. The English media have gone a bit nuts at this and started querying if this is legitimate and a valid part of the constitutional setup. Which makes Scottish voters wonder what happened to all those promises of wanting to work together during the referendum.
My vote is for an MP from Edinburgh. The current guy is Ian Murray from Labout. He didn’t bother to turn up to a vote on bombing Iraq. He accepts donations from the Arab Emirates and PriceWaterhouseCoopers which are straight bribery for his votes, these governments/companies have no interest in Edinburgh’s people. He calls SNP leader Nicola Sturgeon “Miss Sturgeon” despite her being married for years, an example of everyday sexism.
Reviewing the leaflets and watching the video interviews none of the candidates stand out as great parliamentarians so I’ve voted mostly on party and go with the SNP. The candidate is Neil Hay who’s been criticised for having a Twitter account where it posted to a satirical article, a non-issue as far as I can see. It’ll be interesting to see who chooses to work with them to be a UK government and who continues to claim that Scottish political wishes are irrelevant.
See you on Friday.
We had a voluntary poll here and of course the no voters stayed at home so it was 80% yes. The Catalan government now says it resign in September and the election resulting will be a referendum on independence. If more than 50% vote for independence parties they’ll unilaterally declare independence. At which point I expect Spain to send in the troops.
If you’re looking for a way to join the team of beautiful desktop developers (you can read that both ways and be correct) there’s plenty to do now. For example the VDG have written a nice design document on System Settings which they need someone to help implement.
Plasma 5.4 is scheduled for August, it’ll be a great addition to Kubuntu 15.10.